In the spring of 1554, the English Crown charged Nicholas Throckmorton, a member of the Warwickshire gentry, with high treason for his alleged role in the Wyatt Rebellion. Several months earlier Queen Mary Tudor, a Roman Catholic, had risen to power and intended to marry Prince Phillip II of Spain. Powerful Protestant forces among the English highborn sought to ensure that Queen Mary’s reign—and her marriage to Prince Phillip—was short-lived. Soon after the Queen’s ascension to the throne, Sir Thomas Wyatt of Kent and several coconspirators allegedly hatched a plot, depending upon whom one believes, to implore the Queen to marry an Englishman instead, or to assassinate her. . . .